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Growing It Local > Geographic Areas > Northern Great Plains

Vegetable Gardening in the Northern Great Plains

The Northern Great Plains span the area of Montana East of the Rockies, the Northeast section of Wyoming, Western and Southern North Dakota, and Western and Central South Dakota. The climate is semi-arid on the Western side with more precipitation on the Eastern side. Summers are warm to hot and Winters cold. Winter winds come mainly from Canada bringing cold weather, but Chinook winds from the Southwest sometimes bring warmer temperatures.  Agriculture is important and major crops include wheat, barley, buckwheat, sugar beets, dried beans, peas, and lentils, and oil seeds including canola, flax, sunflower, safflower, and mustard seeds.

Larger cities and towns include Casper, Laramie, and Cheyenne, Wyoming, Miles City, Billings, Havre and Great Falls, Montana, Fargo, Belle Fourche, Dickinson, and Bismarck, North Dakota, Sioux Falls, Rapid City, and Pierre, South Dakota.

Northern Great Plains Vegetable Gardening Information

Selected Northern Great Plains State Extension Services Publications with information about local gardening methods, planting dates, and recommended varieties.


Wyoming Tough: Fruits, vegetables that survived former Cheyenne field station tests

Vegetables for Beginning Gardeners of Laramie

Gardening Vegetables in Wyoming (With Variety Recommendations)

Grow Grapes in Wyoming? Why not?

Season Extension

Season Extension: High Tunnels

Season Extension: Greenhouse Structures

Hot Beds and Cold Frames

Season Extension: Building a Hoop House

Wyoming Hoop House Info Network: Informational site for individuals using High Tunnels/Hoop Houses to Extend the Growing Season in Wyoming


Fruits & Vegetables with Variety Recommendations



Heirloom Vegetables


North Dakota

Fruits & Vegetables with Variety Recommendations

Vegetable Maturity Dates, Yield, and Storage

Growing Great Vegetables in North Dakota



Herbs for Healthy Eating

Asparagus & Rhubarb



Tree Fruit Culture and Varieties


Composting Practices

Seed Starting

Gardening Delights for All: Nontraditional, Money-saving, Sustainable Gardening

South Dakota

Vegetable Gardening (Includes Planting Dates)

South Dakota Experiment Station Publications from 1898 to 1904 Describing Results of Variety Trials. Most of these varieties are now considered Heirlooms.

Vegetables in South Dakota 1900

Squashes 1895

Peas, Beans, Sweet Corn, and Cabbage 1904

Early Garden Peas 1904

Tomatoes 1893

Garden Notes 1888

Strawberry, Sand Cherry, and Orchard Notes 1891

Forest Trees, Fruits and Vegetables 1891