Because of its mild winters, fruits and vegetables can be grown year-round in Florida. There are differences in the growing season from the cooler North to the tropical South. In the North, most Summer crops are planted from February or March through April. Some can also be planted as a Fall crop in August and September. Most cool season crops are planted September through February or March. In Central Florida, warm season crops are planted a few weeks earlier in the Spring and a few weeks later in the Fall. Many cool season crops can be grown from September throughout the Winter to Spring with planting dates from September through March. In the tropical South, many warm season crops are grown from August or September through March or April. Cool season crops are usually planted September or October through January or February. Planting dates vary somewhat depending on the type of plant and number of days to maturity for each variety.
The warm, humid climate is hospitable to insects, nematodes, fungal, viral, and bacterial diseases that can be more of a problem than than in colder climates. Soil also tends to be sandy, so amending it with organic matter such as manure and compost is important.