This paper explains how atmospheric carbon is introduced into the soil and stored in stable
forms. It identifies the farming techniques that are responsible for the decline in soil carbon and gives
alternative practices that do not damage carbon. Increasing soil carbon will ensure good production and farm profitability. Soil carbon, particularly the stable forms such as humus and glomalin, increase yields, soil fertility, soil moisture retention, aeration, nitrogen fixation, mineral availability, disease suppression,
soil tilth and general structure. It is the basis of healthy soil.